Shawnie Kelley has been teaching at Upper Arlington’s Lifelong Learning (one of the country’s largest adult enrichment) programs since 2004. Through the years, she has spoken at a variety of venues, including libraries, art galleries, and to private clubs, groups and professional organizations. Please email firstname.lastname@example.org if you are interested in one of her travel or cultural programs, which last anywhere from 45 minutes to two hours.
ARCHITECTURE: Architecture put into historical/social context
The Wright Style Frank Lloyd Wright, America’s most prominent 20th c. architect saw more than 500 projects to fruition, many of which are within a few hours’ drive of Columbus and a few which are available for overnight stays. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley integrates a discussion of Wrightian architecture and the arts-and-crafts style into interesting road trips- offering travel tips, dining suggestions and additional attractions. Highlights include the Trifecta of Wright homes in Southern PA: Fallingwater, Kentuck Knob, and the Duncan House; the Westcott House in Springfield; and others in the region.
France’s Roman Monuments The world’s best-preserved Roman ruins are located not in Italy, but in France. Gaul, as France was known to the ancient world, was absorbed into the Roman Empire in 51 B.C. and adopted its culture and architecture. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley uses a slideshow to highlight historical events, famous faces and architectural features of Roman monuments throughout southern France, beginning in Rome’s first settlement at Marseilles. Discussion includes: Nimes’ perfectly preserved arena and temple; amphitheaters at Arles and Orange; the Pont du Gard aqueduct; Via Appia- the roman “highway” across Europe; and various ruins in Nice, St. Remy, and the French Alps.
Britain’s Roman Monuments It took a full century for Rome to conquer its westernmost outpost, Britannia, but once they did, an indelible mark was left on both the cultural and physical landscape of the country. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley shares images from her research with English Heritage to highlight the historical events and unique architectural features surrounding the most famous Roman monuments in England, beginning in the north with Hadrian’s Wall, the edge of the Empire. Discussion also includes: Colchester, England’s first city and its destruction by Boudicca; Fishbourne Palace’s spectacular mosaics; bath with its sacred spring and ancient spa; and various Roman ruins in York, Chester, Lincoln and St. Alban’s.
History of the English Castle Castles are considered the quintessential symbol of the middle ages, but why and when did they become such a permanent fixture in the English landscape? How were they built? From humble servants to the nobility, what was daily life like for the inhabitants of a castle? Beginning with Iron Age earthworks and Roman fortresses, travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley, traces the development of English castles, their distinguishing architectural features, defensive innovations, and evolving social, political and military functions. Her slideshow highlights the Iron Age hillforts of Cadbury and Maiden Castle, Saxon Shore Forts; and the castles at York, Carlisle, Rochester, Leeds and Warwick. Class concludes with a brief look at the coastal forts of Henry VIII.
Playground of the Kings: Renaissance Châteaux of the Loire Valley Two hours southwest of Paris is the lush and legendary Loire Valley- the playground of Renaissance kings and queens and the site of some of France’s bloodiest battles. Join travel writer and Wanderlust Tours owner, Shawnie Kelley as she explores the flourishing of the arts and architecture during the reign of King Francis I (1494-1547) whose appreciation for Italian culture inspired a new level of creativity and innovation throughout French society. Having taken the throne 500 years ago in 1515, François’ 32-year legacy is felt throughout the fine arts, architecture, gardens, music, and court life. Class begins in the medieval castles at the Louvre and Chinon, where Joan of Arc rallied future King Charles VII, then journeys to the royal châteaux at Amboise, Blois, and Chambord. Also discover a few lesser-known castles associated with the king, his mistresses, and Leonardo Da Vinci.
Great Palaces of France France is renowned for its sumptuous palaces, with extraordinary architecture, glorious gardens, and rich and racy pasts. Using images from her research, travel writer and historian, Shawnie Kelley illustrates the architectural and historical highlights of six of France’s great palaces- beginning in Paris with the Louvre, which started life not as a museum, but as a royal residence on the Seine, and then moving upriver to the Palace de la Cite, where the Conciergerie now stands. Discussions also include: the medieval palace at Poitiers, home to the powerful Dukes of Aquitaine and birthplace of chivalry; Perpignan’s Spanish-influenced Palace of the Kings of Mallorca (c.1276); and Avignon’s monumental Chateauneuf du Pape – the “new castle of the pope”- from where nine popes reigned, beginning in 1309. Class ends at Versailles (c. 1664), the colossal palace complex of the Sun King, Louis XIV.
Castles of Templar & Arthurian Legend From romantic ruins on England’s windswept Cornish coast to spectacular castles perches in the Pyrenees Mountains of France, tails of King Arthur, Knights Templars and the Holy Grail imbue the landscape. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie discusses various origins of the grail myth, and using images from her research with English heritage, explores its connection to a number of different castles and churches in Britain and France. Discussion includes Glastonbury, Rosslyn, Rennes-le-Chateau, and controversial theories that have fueled the imagination of troubadours and novelists for centuries.
Castles and Cathedrals of Southern France The south of France is home to a staggering amount of medieval architecture. From mountaintop monasteries to jaw-dropping Cathar castles, this is a region rich in religious and military history- much of it turbulent and controversial. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley explores the unique architectural features and historical highlights of a dozen medieval castles, cathedrals and abbeys throughout Provence and Languedoc. Lecture highlights include: Avignon’s 14th c. Palace of the Pope, home of the Papacy for nearly a century; France’s best preserved Cistercian abbey at Fontenay; an 11th c. Romanesque masterpiece, Toulouse Cathedral; and tales of Crusades, Inquisition and troubadours.
Great Roman Monuments The Roman Empire at its peak, stretched from the Middle East to Great Britain, encompassing the whole of the Mediterranean. This class looks at the great architectural legacy left not only in Rome, but around the world; from the great city walls of Lugo, Spain, to the aqueducts and arenas in France. Explore extraordinary theaters in Turkey and Jordan, and Roman villas in Sicily and England. Visit Diocletian’s Palace and the world’s best-preserved amphitheatre, both in Croatia, and Hadrian’s Villa in Tivoli. Highlights also include: Roman Theatre of Merida, temples in North Africa, Roman baths, triumphal arches, and more.
Villages of France: The French countryside is dotted with more than 32,000 villages, and the Association for “Les Plus Beaux Villages de France” (The Most Beautiful Villages of France) has dubbed 157 among the best. This class takes a virtual tour of Northern France’s most special seaside towns, sleepy hamlets, and walled cities. Explore the castles, gardens, and festivals associated with many of the villages, while focusing on the gastronomy, wine, and history of others. Visit timber-framed towns in Alsace, medieval cities in Burgundy, and fishing villages along the Atlantic coast. Highlights include: Honfleur, Ile de re, Beuvron-en-Auge, Eguisheim, Vezelay, and more.
Great Monuments of English Heritage England’s rich and turbulent history left a powerful legacy in its buildings, monuments, and landscape. Join author and Wanderlust Tours owner Shawnie Kelley as she leads you though mountains and moors, coast and countryside in search of the great monuments of English Heritage. Explore prehistoric stone circles, castles, battlefields, stately homes, and archeological sites that bring to life England’s history. A beautiful slideshow and handouts are complimented with stories from Shawnie’s years working with English Heritage.
GENERAL ARMCHAIR TRAVEL: Cultural travel classes integrating art, architecture, food & history
Paris… Je t’aime! Are you planning a trip to the City of Lights? Or do you simply love Paris? Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley integrates a discussion of Parisian history, architecture and must-see sights into a weeklong itinerary. Her discussion and slideshow provides realistic day-by-day agendas, as well as travel tips, dining suggestions, Web sites and additional daytrips. Highlights include churches, neighborhoods, shopping districts, gardens, entertainment venues, and an overview of famous museum collections.
Scottish Highland Adventure The rugged mountain region in northern Scotland conjures romantic visions of castles and clans, whisky and war, tartan and turbulence. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley, leads a virtual tour through the Scottish Highlands, discussing the geography, history, architecture and culture of the region. Her slideshow features whisky distilleries, scenic lochs and villages, Fort George and the castles at Urquhart, Balmoral, Cawdor, Eilean Donan, and Dunnotar. Shawnie’s Columbus-based, Wanderlust Tours offers a “Castles, Casks & Courses” trip in 2009.
Edinburgh’s Royal Mile One of the most famous streets in the world, the Royal Mile, runs through the heart of Scotland’s capital of Edinburgh, linking two ancient landmarks: Edinburgh Castle and Holyrood Palace. Drawing on her research with Historic Scotland, travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley brings to life the thousand-year history of these two spectacular buildings. Her slideshow illustrates the historical highlights, famous faces, dubious scandals and architectural development of each. Discussions include Arthurian connections, the Wars of Independence, and Holyrood’s most famous resident Mary, Queen of Scots.
Discover Cape Cod Travel writer and author of ‘Discover Cape Cod,’ Shawnie Kelley recounts some of the most captivating moments in the history of the Cape- from the Mayflower compact to the first transatlantic wireless message. Encounter famous names such as Thoreau, Marconi and the Kennedys. Meet one of New England’s wealthiest whale hunters and witness the relocation of a 404-ton lighthouse. Discover why plans to smuggle Napoleon to America fell apart and how the cranberry saved the Cape. Shawnie’s slideshow of images brings to life exciting stories of puritans and pirates; revolutionaries and artists; shipwrecks and Guardians. Lecture includes travel tips, dining and lodging suggestions and off-beat excursions.
Splendors of Istanbul Istanbul- a 5,000 year old city sits at the crossroads of Europe and Asia and was once the capital of two of the world’s most powerful empires- The Byzantines and the Ottomans. Every stone remains steeped in history as the modern city reinvents itself over and over again. Discussion covers the great icons of architecture, such as the 1,500 year-old Hagia Sophia, the Blue Mosque, and Topkapi Palace. This virtual tour also visits the Grand Bazaar, Jewish quarter, the ancient walls, and other churches, mosques, and artworks.
London Calling! Are you planning a trip to Great Britain? Or do you simply love London? This virtual tour is combined with a discussion of the city’s history, architecture, and must-see sights. Realistic day-by-day itineraries are offered, as well as travel tips, dining suggestions, cultural tidbits, and daytrips within the region. Highlights include: gardens, churches, neighborhoods, shopping districts, theatre, and an overview of famous museum collections.
English Manor House Henry VIII’s split with the Roman Catholic church changed English architecture for good. Great religious houses were turned into gentrified private manors and medieval halls updated with Renaissance features. During the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I, the English country house came into its own as an architectural style. Sprawling palaces- rather than fortified castles- became the epicenter of the ruling class. Take a virtual tour of England’s great estates, while discussing the unique architectural features and historical highlights: Hampton Court, Somerset House, Gainsborough Hall, Burghley and Hatfield Houses, and Highclere Castle (Downton Abbey).
Splendors of France From the City of Lights to the fields of Provence and into the Alps, France’s urban and country landscapes offer travelers a diverse world of culture, scenery, and architecture. Take a virtual tour of France’s breathtaking mountains, Renaissance chateaux, and soaring cathedrals, while discussing their historical importance. Visit glitzy cities along the French Riviera and medieval castles perched in the Pyrenees. Learn about the Louvre’s transition from royal fortress to public museum, and check out the world’s best Roman ruins. Other highlights include: Parisian monuments, alpine villages, national museums, coastal fishing towns, and more.
Haunted Scotland Few places in the world are as beautiful or spooky as Scotland, where a dark, murky history has spawned tales of ghosts, apparitions and things that go bump in the night. We begin in the creepy corridors of Edinburgh and wind our way through Scotland, visiting creepy castles, haunted hotels, eerie ruins, and ghoulish graveyards. You’ll learn of mysterious hauntings and gruesome ghost stories, some stretching back 700 years. Class explores more than a dozen sites, including Glamis, Blackness, and Fyvie Castles.
Ooh La La… Provence & the French Riviera The South of France- where sensuous Mediterranean beaches, glamorous cities, endless lavender fields, Provencal markets, and ancient history have inspired artists and travelers for centuries. We begin exploring Nice and its neighboring cities of Cannes, Antibes and Grasse before moving to Avignon, home to Europe’s largest Gothic palace and Papal residence for nearly a century. Discussion also covers the world’s best Roman ruins in Nimes and Arles, as well as Romanesque churches, must-see museums and travel tips. Ohh La La—it’s Provence and the French Riviera.
ON THE PILGRIM’S TRAIL: Religious architecture & its development put into historical/social context
Great Churches of Northern France Northern France is a hotbed of cathedrals with magnificent architecture and holy relics. The slideshow begins at Reims Cathedral, where kings of France have been crowned since the 11th century. Class visits Amiens, the largest Gothic Cathedral in France claiming the skull of John the Baptists and tiny St. Chapelle in Paris, which was built to house Christ’s crown of thorns. Along the way, we look at dizzying architecture of Beauvais and learn of the fateful connection of Joan of Arc to Rouen Cathedral. Travel writer, Shawnie Kelley shares historic and architectural highlights of each location through images and exciting stories.
Great Cathedrals of Northern England Northern England has some of the finest and best-preserved cathedrals in Europe. This virtual tour begins at York Minster, the largest Gothic Church north of the Alps – famed for its powerful bishops and home to Britain’s largest collection of medieval stained glass. We explore the 950-year old, innovative architecture of Durham Cathedral before heading into Robin Hood Country to look at the sublime Angel Choir of Lincoln Cathedral and the “Green Man” sculptures at the lesser-known Southwell Minster. Travel writer, Shawnie Kelley uses a slideshow & lecture to share exciting historic and architectural highlights of each location.
Great Cathedrals and Abbeys of France Follow in the footsteps of medieval pilgrims and take a virtual tour of France’s most popular churches. The journey begins at the ancient cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris then ventures north to St. Denis- Europe’s first Gothic cathedral. Visit the famed flying buttresses at Chartres Cathedral and over-the-top sculptures in the abbeys of Vezelay and Moissac. Follow the pilgrim’s route south to the abbey of St. Foy, where monks behaved badly to boost its prestige then visit the evocative St. Sernin in Toulouse, where pilgrims have worships since 1096. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley, shares historic and architectural highlights of each location through a slideshow and lecture.
The Cult of Saints In medieval times, the remains (or relics) of Christian saints were believed to possess enormous power. Through the obsessive veneration of these relics pilgrims sought the patronage of the saintly dead by worshipping at their burial sites in cathedrals, abbeys and monasteries across Europe. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley discusses the evolution of the Cult of Saints, beginning in the 3rd century A.D. and culminating in the fifteenth century. Her slideshow and discussion highlights the burial sites, historical events, famous faces and dastardly deeds associated with both popular and lesser-known saints.
Great Abbeys of Yorkshire The ecclesiastical heart of England lies, not in London or Canterbury, but in Yorkshire. Nine hundred years ago, northern England was the breeding ground of monasteries and today, beautiful rubble n’ ruin dot the countryside. With expertise in this region, travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley, uses hundreds of images to illustrate the historical and architectural highlights of seven great abbeys, beginning at St. Mary’s in York, whose abbots were allegedly Robin Hood’s nemesis. The virtual tour continues through the massive, well-preserved ruins at Fountains, Rievaulx, Byland, and Kirkstall Abbeys. Haunting images of Whitby make Yorkshire’s northernmost abbey an unforgettable place- scenery that inspired Bram Stoker’s ‘Dracula’ and wealth that prompted Viking raids Class ends with an exploration of the thousand year-old abbey church at Selby, which amazingly is still in use today.
Silent Architecture: Abbeys of France & England Beginning in 1075, Christianity experienced a period of expansion during which religious architecture flourished. In less than a century, a group of industrious, reform-minded monks called “Cistercians” transformed Europe’s landscape and economy with their magnificent churches, technological advances, international trade, and contributions to gothic architecture. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley explores the history and architectural legacy of the “White Monks” in France and England and the Order’s growth under St. Bernard of Clairvaux. Highlights include: Cistercian abbeys of Citeaux, Clairvaux, Pontigny and Fontenay (France); Rievaulx, Byland, Furness and Fountains (England)- and more.
Europe’s Great Cathedrals: Follow in the footsteps of medieval pilgrims on a virtual tour of Europe’s finest cathedrals. Discover the famous faces, historical highlights and unique architectural features of well-known churches in Cologne, Florence, Salisbury, and Seville. See over-the-top sculpture of Antonio Gaudi’s Sagrada Familia. Take a look at the lesser known cathedrals in Nice, Ulm, Dunfermline, and Aachen. Learn about Europe’s smallest, largest, and oldest cathedrals and other cathedral trivia.
Crusades: Part I In 1095, Pope Urban II launched a religious military campaign to restore Christian control of the Holy Land. Part one of the series covers the first two of nine formal crusades fought over 250 years. Class begins with the origins of the First (and only successful) Crusade and ends with the dismal failure of the second (1149). Lecture and slideshow highlights the key players, the Siege of Jerusalem and pivotal battles, the Reconquista of Portugal, People’s Crusade, crusader architecture, and the organization of military orders and the Latin States. Part 2 covers the Third and Fourth Crusades.
Crusades: Part 2 Part two of the series covers the Third (1189-92) and Fourth (1202-04) Crusades. Richard the Lionheart and Saladin are two names that dominate the crusades, yet were involved only in the Third Crusade. The chivalric exploits of Richard and French King Philip II and the romanticized image of knightly warfare often overshadow the dismal failure of the “King’s Crusade” to reclaim the Holy Land. In 1204, the misguided fourth crusade ended in the disastrous sacking of Constantinople- Christendom’s greatest city. Discussion includes women on crusade, Knights Templar, infamous sieges, and crusader art.
The Age of Cathedrals: Part 1 Follow in the footsteps of medieval pilgrims on this grand tour of Gothic cathedrals with travel writer and Wanderlust Tours owner, Shawnie Kelley. Explore three centuries of church building, beginning at the turn of the first millennium in medieval Rome and Istanbul and ending in thirteenth century England. Learn why hulking Romanesque monasteries gave way to soaring cathedrals and the religious and social changes that spawned the Age of Cathedrals. This sweeping survey covers the historical highlights, famous faces, scandalous events, building techniques, architectural features, ornate sculpture and culture surrounding these great pillars of earth. Handouts and a beautiful slideshow illustrate the influences of churches like Hagia Sophia, Chartres, St. Denis and many more. Part 2 explores the High Gothic and early Renaissance cathedrals from 1250-1500.
Medieval and Renaissance castles put into historical context
Castles and Cathedrals of England History buffs, armchair travelers and those planning a trip to the U.K. can escape to Medieval England with travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley. Find out why the Tower of London is called the “Bloody Tower” and tour the cathedrals where Harry Potter and Shakespeare In Love were filmed. Learn about the archbishop brutally murdered at Canterbury Cathedral and explore coastal castles that have defended the country for more than 1,000 years. Shawnie shares exciting historic and architectural highlights through a slideshow and lecture, bringing to life her years of research with English Heritage. Come, be transported back in time.
Castles & Cathedrals of Southern Spain From Roman times through the middle Ages, the architecture of the rugged Andalusian region in Southern Spain evolved under a variety of rule and influences, including Roman, Christian and Muslim. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley, leads a virtual tour through Andalucía, discussing its mountainous, Mediterranean landscape, turbulent history, diverse culture, and Moorish architecture. Lecture highlights include the 14th century Alhambra in Granada; Europe’s largest Gothic cathedral in Seville; Cordoba’s famed Alcazar (castle compound) and its 7th century Mezquita- a church which was once the second largest mosque in the world. Class also looks at Roman ruins, white-washed villages and the infamous Rock of Gibraltar.
Great Castles of Scotland There are few more romantic sites in the British Isles than a Scottish castle. This class takes an intimate look at five formidable fortresses of Scotland. We begin in the capital at Edinburgh castle then journey down the Royal Mile to the Queen’s official Scottish of Holyrood Palace. After a quick tour of St. Andrew’s Castle and Cathedral, we head north to ‘Braveheart’ country where we linger at Scotland’s most historically important castle at Stirling. We finish up on the shores of Loch Ness at Urquhart Castle. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley, shares historic and architectural highlights of each location through a slideshow and lecture, bringing to life her years of research with Historic Scotland.
Britain’s Coastal Castles Great Britain’s 20,000 miles of coastline boasts hundreds of castles rich in military and social history. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley explores the unique architectural features and turbulent history of a dozen lesser-known castles, stretching from the southern tip of England to the northern extremes of Scotland. Highlights include: Scotland’s jaw-dropping Dunnotar Castle; England’s impressive strongholds of Bamburgh and Lindisfarne castles; Henry II’s one-of-a-kind Orford Castle, Yorkshire’s sprawling Scarborough Castle; Henry VIII’s string of artillery forts along Cornwall’s coast; the massive Welsh castle of Criccieth; and plenty of castle trivia.
The England of William the Conqueror One of the most powerful and oldest monarchies in Europe was established when the Duke of Normandy invaded England in 1066 and was crowned King William I. William the Conqueror violently supplanted the Anglo-Saxon culture with that of the French Norman’s and then ruled one of Europe’s most sophisticated governments. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley, leads a virtual pilgrimage through 11th century England, beginning in the Anglo-Saxon capital of Winchester and following William’s aggressive castle-building campaign on the Sussex Coast to his glorious cathedrals across England. Discussion includes castles and churches in London, Gloucester, Durham, and Hexham. Interesting aspects of the Doomsday Book, and ancient inventory of Britain’s wealth, are also addressed.
The Iron Ring: Great Castles of Wales King Edward I of England (1271-1307), also known as “Longshanks,” is best known for his military campaigns to subdue Scotland and Wales. Beginning in 1277, the “Hammer of the Scots” began a fearsome castle building campaign through Wales, constructing a ring of formidable fortresses known as the “Iron Ring”. Travel writer and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley guides class through the historical highlights, famous faces, construction techniques and innovations of several Edwardian castles, including Conwy, Caernarfon and Beaumaris.
Gargoyles, Greenmen & Gruesomes: Indulge your spooky Halloween spirit with a look at gargoyles, green men and other gruesome sculptures adorning European cathedrals. Learn why and how ghastly beasts, fertility figures, pagan images, and human and animal heads found their way onto Christian churches. Explore Celtic connections, medieval stone masons, Green Magic and the foliated faces known as ‘green men.’ Look at diverse images of fantastic and frightening sculptures from across France and Great Britain.
Medieval Tourism: El Camino de Santiago Follow in the footsteps of medieval pilgrims as we visit some of Europe’s finest cathedrals and abbeys along the famous Way of St. James- or El Camino de Santiago. Established pilgrimage routes developed across Italy, France, and Germany leading to Santiago de Compostela, Spain, one of Christendom’s most sacred destinations. Not unlike today, this tourism gave rise to better roads, accommodations, and hospitals and brought wealth to cities. Look at the history, mystery and architecture of Turin, Cologne, Le Puy, Arles, Puente la Reina and more. Discussion also includes pilgrim etiquette, clothing, souvenirs, and guides.
The Tudor Legacy Experience the Tudor legacy from Henry VII & the War of the Roses to the “Golden Age” of Henry VIII & Queen Elizabeth I. The Tudors – a name synonymous with power, wealth, and intrigue – a tapestry of characters that changed history with their religious and political scandal, carrying England from the medieval into the Renaissance era. Join travel writer & Wanderlust Tours owner, Shawnie Kelley on a virtual tour exploring the legacy of the 118-year Tudor dynasty from Henry VII (1485) to Elizabeth I (1603). Beginning in London, we look at castles, palaces, artworks, and churches, which put into context the impact of Henry VIII’s decision-making on England’s social, religious, political, and architectural landscape and end in Shakespeare’s hometown of Stratford Upon Avon. Discussion covers historical highlights, famous faces, and intrigue.
A Moveable Feast: 500 Years of Food in Art Join art and architectural historian, Shawnie Kelley for a discussion of food in art, from the Renaissance through the twenty first century, as part of the upcoming exhibition: “Moveable Feast.” Shawnie’s slideshow and lecture touches on the symbolism, cultural statements, and general food philosophies as they evolved through the centuries. She shares images of medieval banquets, Tudor tables, Dutch still life, Edwardian eating manuals, and artistic contemporary cookbooks, while discussing the food imagery she encountered throughout her research, travels, and culinary classes.